Bearded Dragon Poop 101: Everything You NEED to Know!

Let’s face it, even the cutest of creatures are capable of producing some pretty stinky poop. Take the bearded dragon for instance, these adorable little guys might look sweet and innocent, but don’t let that fool you! However, despite being notoriously referred to as some of the stinkiest reptile waste, bearded dragon poop can actually give MAJOR insight into the overall health of the beardie…

Because of this, I figured it would be helpful to create an overall guide to bearded dragon poop, answering all your questions from how it should look, to how often bearded dragons should poop, to how to help them poop, and much more!

So with that being said, if you want to learn more about bearded dragon poop, just keep reading!

How Often Should a Bearded Dragon Poop?

How often a bearded dragon poops will depend on several different factors…

First and foremost, age will play a role in determining how often should a bearded dragon poop. As such, babies will have bowel movements more frequently than both young and adult beardies.

If you are unsure of your dragon’s age, consider the chart below, which can help you guesstimate how old they might be.

Bearded Dragon Growth Chart
Use the chart above to accurately “guesstimate” how old your bearded dragon is based on their length. Please note, this chart isn’t 100% guaranteed to pinpoint the age of EVERY bearded dragon, but it should give you a nice baseline to work from.

You can read more about how often your bearded dragon should be pooping based on their age by scrolling down a little.

Secondly, the diet the bearded dragon is fed will also contribute to how frequently they have a bowel movement.

For instance, beardies that consume feeders with tons of calcium, such as silkworms, will typically defecate more often than beardies who solely consume crickets.

Third and lastly, the level of UVA and UVB exposure your bearded dragon experiences will also affect bowel movements.

Both UVA and UVB affect digestion, which in turn, will affect how often a bearded dragon will poop. If your beardie’s tank doesn’t supply them with substantial UVA and UVB, then

How Often Should a Baby Bearded Dragon Poop?

You can expect your baby bearded dragon, AKA one that is 3 months old or younger, to poop at least once a day all the way up to three times per day.

Babies rapidly developing bodies, along with several protein-rich feedings throughout the day, lead to higher waste production. So, DON’T be alarmed if your itty bitty friend seems to constantly be leaving you presents to clean up.

A baby bearded dragon
Baby bearded dragons will typically poop 1-3 times per day. As such, you’ll need to be ready to do more cleaning up than you would with an older bearded dragon!

How Often Should a Young Bearded Dragon Poop?

Young or juvenile bearded dragons are going to be those who fall in the age range of 4 – 18 months old.

These beardies will likely have a bowel movement every other day or so, with those closing in on 18 months of age slowing down to as infrequently as one or two movements per week.

How Often Should an Adult Bearded Dragon Poop?

Again, this will depend on the diet of the bearded dragon and the other factors discussed above.

However, if your adult bearded dragon (AKA older than 18 months) is not stressed and has adequate UVA and UVB levels in their tank, then you can expect them to poop 1-7 times a week.

Bearded dragons who primarily have a diet of crickets and veggies will likely poop 1-3 times a week, whereas those who regularly consume calcium rich feeders like silk worms have been known to poop daily.

A Mature Bearded Dragon
Adult bearded dragons can poop anywhere from once to seven times a week! Those with diets richer in calcium (think silk worms) are known to poop more regularly than those who typically get protein in the form of crickets.

Ultimately, it is important to remember that all bearded dragons are different, with some going to the bathroom daily and others just once a week.

As long as their energy levels and their appetite are normal, you likely don’t need to worry.

Do Bearded Dragons Pee?

I can remember fondly the first couple of days after I brought my FIRST baby bearded dragon home. I was meticulous with cage setup, checking in on them, and making sure their diet was spot on. But, in all my watchfulness, I did notice one thing (or lack thereof)… pee!

If you’ve found yourself feeling dumb from wondering “do bearded dragons pee?” rest easy… all of us have been there asking the same question before!

And to answer it, In essence… bearded dragons do NOT pee. At least… not in the way us mammals do.

You see, bearded dragons urinate in the form of a dry, chalky substance called a “urate”. A urate is essentially excreted uric acid. Often times, you will notice a urate alongside poo. It also isn’t uncommon to find some liquid in the mix either.

How Often Do Bearded Dragons Pee?

Just as with poop, how often a bearded dragon pees is going to naturally vary some from beardie to beardie. However, with this being said, you can typically expect your baby bearded dragon to urinate the most at anywhere from 1 to 3 times daily.

As your bearded dragon matures, you can expect an adult bearded dragon to pee around 1 to 4 times a week.

What if Your Bearded Dragon is Pooping a Lot?

Bear in mind that what is considered “a lot” is also going to depend on the age and regularity of your bearded dragon. So for instance, what might seem like “a lot” for your dragon, could actually be quite normal for another.

Consider the following reasons why your bearded dragon may be pooping a lot…

Reason #1: They’re Stressed

If your bearded dragon is going to the bathroom much more frequently than normal it could be due to stress.

Consider whether anything outside the tank (a new pet lurking around, loud noises, etc.) could be stressing them out. Additionally, consider what’s going on within the tank.

Are feeders being left behind uneaten that could be biting and terrorizing the bearded dragon?

Are temperatures insufficient or too high?

Did you recently transition them to a new tank or add in a new item of some sort?

If you believe something or someone is stressing your bearded dragon out, you’ll want to immediately address the situation to avoid escalating health concerns.

Bearded dragon stressed from dog
Bearded dragons can become stressed due to the presence of larger pets outside their tank, such as the family dog or cat. If you suspect a third party is affecting your bearded dragon, it would be best if you move their cage elsewhere.

Reason #2: They Have Parasites

Probably the worst-case scenario as to why your bearded dragon is pooping so much, could be parasites.

✅ PRO TIP: Most bearded dragons have parasites in their system to some degree. However, these parasites don’t always present any issues and many vets won’t consider treatment unless obvious health side effects are present (i.e. lethargy, runny stool, weight loss, etc.).

If your dragon has runny poop and/or poop that smells really bad, it would be wise to get a fecal sample and make a vet appointment with an experienced herp vet ASAP. Your vet will either examine the fecal sample or do bloodwork to determine what kind of parasite is present and what type of anti-parasitic drug to administer.

Reason #3: They’re Pregnant

If you don’t believe your bearded dragon is stressed and you’ve sexed them as female, then their frequent bowel movements could be due to a pregnancy.

If your dragon is also eating more than normal, chances are she could very well be preparing to lay her clutch.

Bearded dragon laying eggs
Female bearded dragons that are pregnant can poop more frequently.

As you may or may not know, bearded dragon females don’t actually have to have sex to become pregnant.

Of course, females that are gravid (pregnant) without copulation, will of course be laying in infertile eggs.

However, you’ll still want to provide them with a lay box and take all the necessary precautions to ensure their lay goes smoothly and their health isn’t jeopardized. 

What Does Healthy Bearded Dragon Poop Look Like?

Because bearded dragons do not pee, when they have a bowel movement it is essentially like pooping and peeing at the same time. As such, with any bowel movement, there should be both fecal matter and what is referred to as a urate passed together.

The urate is essentially the bearded dragon’s pee, since they do not process create urine in the same way humans do. It is basically a nitrogen paste that should be white and soft, but not too soft or watery.The fecal matter on the other hand, should be any various shade of brown, soft yet solid, and relatively uniform in shape.

Also, don’t be alarmed if there is some liquid alongside the fecal matter. As long as the poop itself is well-formed, you’re good.

Below is a collage (Don’t judge me, okay?) of what healthy bearded dragon poop should look like…

Bearded dragon healthy poop collage
If you feel weird looking at this collage of healthy bearded dragon poop, just imagine how I felt having to make it. All jokes aside, these are all great examples of what healthy bearded dragon poop should look like.

Why is Bearded Dragon Poop White and Brown?

As previously mentioned, bearded dragons do not pee in the way humans or mammals like cats and dogs do. Instead, they produce a urate, which is a waste product of the kidneys.

When bearded dragons are healthy, their urate should be white and the poop, like that of most creatures, should be brown.

Abnormal Bearded Dragon Poop Colors

Bearded dragon’s poop not the typical white and brown combination? Check out the possible explanations behind some other colors below. From bearded dragon poop that’s red to green and even yellow, just keep reading to learn more about abnormal bearded dragon poop colors…

Bearded Dragon Green Poop 

Although bearded dragon green poop can seem worrisome, as long as the urates are white and the poop isn’t super runny or reek to the high heavens, this most likely is nothing to worry about.

Green bearded dragon poop is typically just the result of something in their diet. I mean, think of it like this, as adults their your diet is 70% give or take dark leafy greens… how could green bearded dragon poop NOT occur?

Just keep an eye on their waste and if it continues to be green or becomes runny, bloody, or super stinky, do a fecal sample with a herp vet.

Bearded Dragon Poop Yellow 

If your beardie’s urates are yellow, this can be due to too much calcium in the diet.

I recommend doing a little reading on how much calcium to give your beardie and adjusting from there.

Bearded Dragon Poop Red 

Bearded dragon red poop will typically be due to the presence of blood either in the stool or on the urate. More often than not, red colored bearded dragon poop is going to be due to an internal blockage, likely in the form of impaction. Fortunately, impaction can be cured from home most of the time, especially if caught early on.

If you’re noticing bearded dragon red poop, simply skip down a little for a better explanation of what to do…

Bearded Dragon Poop All White 

If your bearded dragon has an all white poop, then it’s likely not a poop at all but simply a urate. If the urate is soft, don’t worry about it.

If it’s hard and chalk-like, then your bearded dragon may be dehydrated at which point you should try giving them a bath for 20 minutes in warm water up to their shoulders. Just make sure to supervise.

 Bearded Dragon Loose Stool

Bearded dragon loose stool will be that in the form of diarrhea. Bearded dragon loose stool can occur for a variety of reasons, all of which are pretty easy to resolve fortunately.

Most commonly, an improper diet will be the culprit behind bearded dragon diarrhea. All educated bearded dragon owners should know what (and what NOT) to feed a bearded dragon, as well as how often.

What if My Bearded Dragon is Pooping Blood?

If your bearded dragon is pooping blood, you’ll want to take appropriate actions immediately.

Now, I do not say this to alarm you as the reason could be as inconsequential as minor constipation. However, there could also be more serious issues going on as well, such as impaction. Bottom line? Bearded dragon red poop is not something you’re going to want to just ignore!

✅ PRO TIP: To determine if your bearded dragon is impacted, start by looking for lumps and bumps on their underside. Also, pay attention to their back limbs as leg paralysis is another symptom of impaction.

This condition can be deadly if let be, but luckily there are many ways you can help your bearded dragon overcome impaction from home (and for cheap too!).

Bearded dragon suffering from impaction
Impaction is a very serious issue, especially if left unattended in which case bearded dragons can even die! Unfortunately, there are many causes for impaction, from the wrong substrate to dangerously large feeders. Knowing the main culprits is CRITICAL to keeping your bearded dragon safe from this serious health condition.

More times than not, bloody stool is indicative of impaction which can be DEADLY if not resolved in a timely manner.

If you can confidently conclude that your bearded dragon isn’t impacted, then the blood in their stool could be due to an internal injury or simply a larger bowel movement.

What if they’re not impacted though?

If you believe your bearded dragon isn’t suffering from impaction and they seem normal otherwise, give them 2 days or so and monitor their movements. Also, try to get a stool sample just in case. And if the bearded dragon red poop fails to cease after 48 hours, get them to a vet ASAP

If your dragon is noticeably bleeding from their vent, then make sure to get them medical help immediately as this can be due to serious issues like egg binding or a prolapse.

How to Make Your Bearded Dragon Poop

A bearded dragon that hasn’t had a bowel movement in accordance with their natural schedule is likely either dehydrated, stressed, too cold, or possibly impacted!

All of these reasons are cause for concern and should be addressed right away to either avoid impaction or resolve it. So, when it comes to how to make your bearded dragon to poop, there are several things you can do to help get things moving.

If you’re curious about how to get your bearded dragon to poop, just Consider the following suggestions below!

Please Note: If NONE of the suggestions below work to get your bearded dragon pooping again within 5 days, get your bearded dragon to the vet ASAP!

How to Make Your Bearded Dragon Poop Step #1: Hydrate Them

Often times, just like people, bearded dragons can have a hard time relieving themselves if they are dehydrated. To determine if your bearded dragon is struggling to poop due to dehydration, consider the following…

Dehydrated bearded dragon poop will have a chalky, dried our urate as opposed to one that is soft. Dehydrated bearded dragon poop should be easy to spot because it will just seem drier overall.

As such, you’ll want to drip a couple of drops on your beardie’s snout for them to lick off as extra hydration.

Bearded Dragon Getting Sprayed with Water
If you suspect your bearded dragon isn’t pooping because they’re dehydrated, put some drops of water on their snout as a means to hydrate them.

How to Make Your Bearded Dragon Poop Step #2: Give Them a Bath

Warm water works wonders when it comes to how to not only how to get your bearded dragon to poop, but also how to get over them over their impaction.

The key is going to be making sure your bearded dragon is calm because if the bath stresses them out, this will only make matters worse! 

✅PRO TIP: Make sure the bath is warm but not hot, and never higher than their shoulders. You’ll want to let them soak for around 15 minutes daily until they relieve themselves. Just make sure you’re there to supervise at all times.
bearded dragon getting a bath
A nice, warm bath can really work wonders when it comes to helping a beardie poop.

How to Make Your Bearded Dragon Poop Step #3: Double Check Tank Temperatures and UVB

If your bearded dragon isn’t getting enough UVB or their tank is too cold, then they can absolutely have issues with digestion. You’ll want to make sure that you have the lighting setup in place, with basking temps for bearded dragons 12 months of age and older being 95-105 degrees Fahrenheit and 105-110 degrees Fahrenheit fo babies.

To read more about how to master your UVB and UVA setup, check out this article.

How to Make Your Bearded Dragon Poop Step #4: Give Them a Special Homemade Laxative

You can encourage your bearded dragon to have a bowel movement by offering them a few drops (3-4) of olive oil a day. Just make sure you give them olive oil and NOT vegetable oil.

Additionally, you can also give them a teaspoon (or half for babies) everyday of baby food like…

How to Get Your Bearded Dragon to Poop During Brumation 

While your bearded dragon is brumating, they won’t need to go to the bathroom, that is unless upon waking them up for their weekly bath, they express interest in eating.

✅PRO TIP: During brumation, if your bearded dragon does eat something, simply wake them up the next day and give them a warm soak for 20 minutes. Continue doing so every day until they relieve themselves and then go back to baths just once a week.
Bearded Dragon Brumation
Brumating bearded dragons won’t need to poop unless they eat something upon waking up.

Why Does Bearded Dragon Poop Smell So Bad?

Before addressing this, it is important to consider that everyone has a different tolerance to smell and that what might seem choke-inducing to some, might not even phase others.

With that being said, oftentimes, bearded dragon poop smells so God awful because they either have parasites (a pretty common occurrence)  or something they are eating is just not agreeing with their stomach.

If you play around with and adjust their diet and find that their stool is still reeking, I recommend doing a fecal sample with your herp vet to test for parasites.

How to Clean Bearded Dragon Poop

When it comes to how to clean bearded dragon poop, you’re going to want to first consider what type of substrate they have in their tank. Next, please, consider the following suggestions for different cleaning methods below…

Bearded Dragon Pooped on Tile

If you’re using tile as your bearded dragon’s substrate, you’ll want to remove the poop as soon as your spot it and then spot clean with a 9:1 water to red vinegar mixture.

✅ PRO Buying TIP: Red wine vinegar is actually about 100 times more efficient at killing bacteria than bleach is! because of this, it is GREAT for cleaning and disinfecting bearded dragon poop on tile.
Tile substrate in bearded dragon tank
When it comes to keeping tile flooring clean, make sure you remove poop immediately and then spot treat the area with a 9:1 water to red vinegar solution.

On top of spot cleaning after every poo, I also recommend baking the tiles at a low temperature (around 250 degree Fahrenheit) in the oven for 30-60 minutes at least once a month for a full sanitization.

Or, you can spray them down with a veterinary grade cleaner like F10SC and let them sit for 10 minutes before rinsing as well.

Regardless of how you clean them, make sure you don’t put back the tiles until they’ve both cooled down (duh) or completely dried from their washing.

Bearded Dragon Pooped on Newspaper

Perhaps a no-brainer, but if your bearded dragon has newspaper for their substrate, you’ll want to remove what’s soiled immediately and replace with fresh newspaper. I also recommend removing and replacing all newspaper every 1-2 weeks as well.

Bearded Dragon Pooped on Reptile Carpet

Similar to above, remove the poop as soon as you spot it on the reptile carpet. Then, spot treat the area with F10SC.

Ideally, you’ll want to have a couple of carpets on hand so you can switch them out every week while you deep clean one in the washer with hot water and mild, fragrance-free detergent. 

Bearded dragon and reptile carpet
Bearded dragon do the deed on carpet? Fret not! Just grab some good ‘ole veterinary grade cleaner like F10SC and spot treat the area after removing the waste.

Bearded Dragon Pooped on Loose Particle Substrate

Cleaning up poop in loose particle substrate like Calci-Sand, millet, and alfalfa pellets is VERY difficult. You see, even if you are able to nab the poop right away and dispose of it, chances are you won’t be able to remove every little piece of substrate it came in contact with.

This is one of the many reasons why these substrates are such a poor choice to use in a bearded dragon’s tank. It’s virtually impossible to prevent bacteria from manifesting.

However, if you have your mind set on using this kind of substrate, then I recommend investing in a scooper like this one because it will allow you to grab the surrounding soiled substrate as well as the turd.

Wrapping Up Bearded Dragon Poop

So there you have it! I hope you found this article informative and thorough in answering all your bearded dragon poop questions. The main thing to realize with bearded dragon poop is that each bearded dragon will be different in terms of how often they go and what theirs look like.

Acquainting yourself with your pet’s poop schedule and the typical appearance of the poop is going to be the best way to spot out future irregularities and hopefully, act quickly and swiftly enough to resolve issues like impaction and parasites.

4 thoughts on “Bearded Dragon Poop 101: Everything You NEED to Know!”

  1. hey there! I am really worried about my 4 1/2 month old bearded dragon, he is passing red and lumpy poop, I do not think he is impacted because my previous beardie was impacted a lot. I bathe him every 1-3 days as well as having a great tank set up, he has 2 thermometers swell as having a cold side to his tank. he usually poops around 5-7 times a week, I was wondering if u had any advice?

    • Make sure he doesn’t have loose substrate. Replace with paper towel. Also make sure you aren’t feeding him something that could make him constipated like mealworms. Have you fed him anything red?

  2. Hi, I have an 8yr old bearded dragon, he is a very fussy eater, sadly due to his treatment before we got him. All greens he refuses, the only things he eats are wax worms and those cock roach type beetles. He is bathed regular and seems to love his bath time but recently during brumation his poo has changed. I’m concerned he may have blood in his urate as it has gone from white to all pink, his poo’s otherwise are normal and regular. Please advise

  3. Hi there. I have a 2 year old beardie and have noticed he isn’t pooping at all. its been about a week or so since i’ve noticed any poops. I give him, or possibly her im not sure, a bath almost every day and they still aren’t pooping. Should i be concerned. He/she doesn’t eat veggies only crickets. I’m really starting to worry and wondering if maybe i should take them to the vet

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